Employment issues with disabled women in Information Technology

People with disabilities face a challenging set of problems each day throughout their lives, they have become vulnerable in each sector of the society, like educational problems, employment issues, lack of training due to disabilities, due to these problems they easily are consumed by grief and sorrow and struggles, because of no equality. People with disabilities are among the most vulnerable group in the society. They are often undereducated, untrained, unemployed and poor. They face many obstacles in their struggle for equality. These people are subjected on the base of their disabilities and often ignored and rejected in many opportunities in life, both men, and women. But sadly, women are more discriminated due to both their gender and disability.

Research tells us that many women have problems in getting employment in different sectors of fields, in which IT is the highest recorded field which contains less and nearly no women employed with disabilities, whereas disabled men still have more chances to get employed in such sector.
I have worked in different departments of several companies, and what I have noticed is that majority of them feel hesitant towards hiring disabled women, no matter how much gender equality these organizations promote yet still deep down they hold their biased-ness towards disabled women. Women with visual, hearing disabilities suffer from the most unemployment ratio. Which causes them to sit at home or try to have their own small business to have their both ends meet or feed themselves. Non- governmental organizations for these people do offer education yet still these people fail to get employment in the IT sector later in the future.

Software developer, web design, software testing, robotics, none of these departments contain employed women even if they would have the education and skill for it just due to the fact of their disability. The rights of these people are often ignored and even abused, and it had been for a very long time for years, women have difficulties living in our society due to their gender but with the one with disabilities have to face more problems.

Women with disabilities are considered as second class citizens, and the upper management do not feel that these women can help them provide change and better performance in IT field, for example, if the company is looking for a web designer and a lady with hearing disabilities has enough skills to get that job, she will be rejected for the fact that it would be difficult for the management to communicate with her or apply more effort to communicate.
Therefore, they would prefer an individual with whom they would communicate quickly.

Furthermore, the mentality of some people is that if such women would not have jobs that are not the problem then because her family will provide her and they are only capable of being at home and taking care of other house related stuff.

Another reason why these women cannot get job that most of the organization do have surrounding which would be safe for these people, for example, according to a research a female with walking disability in Ministry of Health and Social Welfare working as telecom operator told that her office was on the third floor and the building doesn’t have a lift. She reported the problem several times to the management and explained the difficulties she had by going up and down every day, but they told her there is no any office on the ground floor. Sadly, one day, she fell from the third floor, sustained serious injuries on her spinal cord and was hospitalized for six months, and didn’t recover totally. and sometimes she loses my memory. But after the accident, she was given the office on the ground floor.

Couldn’t they just have provided to her before?

Some organizations consider these women as a liability reflecting the fact that these women can easily be exposed towards abuse, violence or poor health conditions. are more likely to experience violence, abuse, and poor health than men with disabilities.

Women have great potential in working hard for their goals and aims, even more than men, this is why they deserve to get employment chances in these fields because I think of what these women have faced throughout their lives such as gender biasedness and disability barriers, they would have so better and effective ideas for the future generation which they would simply by working in these fields and provide software, supporting techs, making software for people with disabilities, this would be their goal. Furthermore, they also fail to realize that these women have the potential for great leadership and can transform communities.

These women face various obstacles in having employment in the IT sector more, those who have somehow managed to get employment still have to work under several problems which are why some of them leave their job and end up sitting back at home. work under very difficult conditions. As a result, some of them have even left aside their opportunities in the public service. This shows that the right to employment for women with disabilities in Tanzania is not adequately realized. While appreciating the efforts which have been made by the Government to change the situation of people with disabilities in formal employment, it is worth noting that a lot still needs to be done. There are still a lot of gaps which need to be closed. The following chapter analyzes some of the gaps and proposes measures that are required to be taken to change the situation of disabled women in the formal employment sector.

Let me suggest some possible factors which can help these women get employment in this department.

  1. There should be strict rules made by the government for the organization who would reject these women just because of their disabilities and also should implement these rules and policies in order to provide these women deserving working opportunities, and transport arrangements should be made, organizations should have friendly environment for these people so they can work easily.
  2. To provide awareness for these women, there should be seminars conducted and these problems should be pointed out publicly.
  3. There should be a social app for them, where they can upload their profiles with skills, this kind of app can only be made by app developers and will take a long procedure to come on track.
  4. These women should be involved in decision-making process and policies which would help other disabled women in the lower sector too and establish balanced opportunity methods.
  5. These women should also be trained for their career development in the IT sector and polish their skills.
  6. Actions should be taken against companies who reject these women despite having a lot of skills under the employment laws.

Women should not be rejected due to any means whether it’s a field of IT or not, they are human beings and acquire great set of skills and talent which can bring positive change which can help many people, because Information Technology is a field which is innovative and always focused on the future, therefore these people should also have the right to contribute their efforts for a better future.


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How you should stop domestic violence

In this modern Era, domestic violence and abuse can happen to anyone, whether it is men or women, both have fell victim of domestic violence and suffered major consequences throughout their lives, the problem of domestic violence that most of the times it is overlooked or it is excused. It is because the majority of people look domestic violence as if it is the personal matter of the person who is getting abused and who is abusing, and some people do not even know that is they should help or what can they do to help. Abuse is more dangerous when it is psychological more than a physical one.
When we say the word domestic violence, it also reflects the term domestic abuse, which is why these both words are used for one meaning only and it is that “When a person in an intimate relationship, whether it is marriage or not he/she tries to hurt and tries to control the other person according to his/her will”. This vicious act is sometimes done by hurting that specific person or others around him/her, the abuser also threatens and beats the other person to gain control and simply fear them.
Domestic violence can take place between any type of people, women are the majority victim or domestic violence, men are victimized as well, especially emotionally by verbal abuse. My aim to write this article is that whether it’s a man or woman, domestic violence is never accepted and people witnessing such violence should know how to stop it because no one deserves to be treated with disrespect, devalued and unsafe.
Noticing and realizing the signs of an abusive relationship is the first and major step to prepare yourself to act against it. If you or your friends recognize someone you know who is being abused by any means then it is your moral duty to reach out to that person as soon as possible and help that person.


How to identify an abusive relationship?

As mentioned before, the first step to is to identify the signs of an abusive relationship, there can be multiple factors combining together to provide an accurate answer, therefore which is why those factors should be counted, if you ever find a victim of domestic violence, reach out to them, make them feel comfortable, then ask them about themselves, then try to ask about their inner feelings, they might feel hesitant at the beginning but it is your duty to show empathy and let them know you are here to help.
One major thing you should notice is that during this session you should look for physical violence signs, for example like the victim may have injuries which they would try to hide from you or wearing their clothes in such a way so they can hide their scars like long sleeves shirts, they would also miss their school or work on many occasions too. They may also have low level of self-esteem to while talking and personality changes during the conversation, and might talk about doing suicide as well
Carry on by asking them questions about their partner like “Do you avoid discussing the topics which might make your partner angry?”, then you can proceed by asking “Do you feel comfortable around your partner much of the time?”, keep analyzing the way of the response of the victim too during this procedure, when these questions are answered, carry on by asking “Do you feel that you cannot do anything to make your partner be fine again?”. After all these questions are answered, if that person is a victim, then more answers will that person respond is by saying “Yes”, and now you are sure that this person is a victim of abuse.
Keep in mind that you should never give advice to the victim at this point, offer them help instead.
Furthermore, now ask that victim about their partner, on how they express abuse, is it by threatening? Or bad temper makes him do crazy stuff? Hurts you? Threatens to take children away from you? Broke things? Forces you to have sex with them? They might also threaten to commit suicide too on some occasions. His controlling behavior might also contain factors like jealousy, controlling your behavior, limiting your necessities, checking on you, avoid you to see your friends.


Other ways to help

People who are victimized by domestic violence tend themselves to be very helpless, they are scared if they do something against it, the abuser might end up hurting children, or family or any of the friends, there are many reasons why a victim cannot take a stand for themselves.
If in any circumstances, you are unable to perform the mentioned activity to recognize the abusive relationship, for example, that abuser is so crazy that he does not even let the victim go out or contact anyone even for a minute then it is already a sign that it is an act of domestic violence.
In these occasions, the best things you could do to help is that:
• Contact your friend, or relative and inform them about the violence so you can reach any sort of organization who acts against domestic violence.

• Inform the neighbors and people around the other block about the violence and act together against it to protect the victim.

• Inform the police about them, keep an evidence to prove domestic violence.
If you are a victim

If you are a victim

If you are a victim and reading this, then it is important that you follow these steps:
• Plan your safety by contacting the local domestic violence community or organization in your city

• Contact your family or friend and inform them about the abuse, it’s the quickest and easiest way you can reach out for help.

• You can also call the police, but don’t be scared, the first thing you should know that there are strict laws against abuse, which would eventually end up making the abuser fall into the clutches of justice.

• If you do not feel safe at home at all anymore, then you should leave that place immediately and contact the domestic violence organization in your city, if you don’t have family or friends around that area or city, no need to worry, domestic violence organization are always there to help to provide you safety and shelter and is very much confidential, whether you are alone or have kids, they are always there to help.
These are the major steps which you should consider taking to get yourself free from domestic violence, it is your right to move on from such type of stress and disastrous situation and find a better and comfortable life.

We must provide awareness

At the beginning, I mentioned that domestic violence is often ignored and excused, because people around us have no knowledge that how bad can it be for the victim for their long-term stability, our community is so self-restricted with pointless facts e.g. if they both are married, let them handle their problems by themselves we should not interfere. Now, this set of mentality is wrong, it may be their marriage, but it is your responsibility to help the helpless and protect them from violence.
We can also play a vital role by contributing to the factors like:
• Be brave enough to say “Stop” to the abuser and defend the victim from their violence.

• Be a positive role model for the upcoming generation and teach them to stand up for themselves and other’s rights.

• Conduct seminars, speak against domestic violence, raise your voice to aware the people around you.

• Confront the people who remark domestic violence as a joke, these sorts of people are one of the reasons why domestic violence is not taken seriously, for example, If man is abused, people will make fun of his manhood and emotionally tear him down and put him out of his misery, which is not a good thing at any cost.

• Reach out to the victims by the mentioned steps above or however you feel comfortable with.
You should keep in mind that abusers are quite good in controlling and blackmailing their victims which might be difficult for you to identify violence at the beginning.

Look out for the signs which were mentioned above, once you manage to do that you will easily point out other factors of abuse too, so by noticing the warning signs we must offer support to the victims and help them escape from this situation, it is our moral duty to help those who need it, this is who we are and we should be, we are humans, we must protect each other and eliminate evil by all means required.


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